Story of Plitvice Lakes in 5 points

The Legend, History, And Formation Of Plitvice Lakes National Park

Bears and fairies both feature in the legends surrounding the creation of Plitvice Lakes National Park, but its geological history is equally fascinating – with the park’s terraced lakes and waterfalls formed over thousands of years.

Story of Plitvice Lakes in 5 points

Bears And Fairies In Plitvice

Enchantment fills the air in Plitvice Lakes National Park, as local legend tells a fascinating tale of bears and fairies. Long ago, it is said that a beautiful water fairy lived in the dense forests alongside her family of magical beings.

One day, she caught the eye of an enchanted bear who was captivated by her beauty and grace.

Their union caused everlasting change to this stunning landscape; with each tear shed from their loving gaze sprouted a new lake or waterfall throughout the park. As time passed, 16 majestic lakes were born – all connected by more than 120 cascading waterfalls – creating a breathtaking scenery that seems like something straight out of a fairy tale.

Geographical Features

Plitvice Lakes National Park is a haven of natural beauty, with its unique combination of lakes and waterfalls making it one of the most breathtaking landscapes in the world.

The park is situated in the mountainous Lika region, about 140 kilometers southeast of Croatia’s capital city, Zagreb. The park’s distinctive features are made up of over 16 interconnected terraced lakes that change color depending on their mineral content and time of day.

The cascading waterfalls that flow between each lake are surrounded by dense vegetation providing visitors with spectacular views throughout the year.

Geological History

The geological history of Plitvice Lakes National Park is as fascinating as it is complex. The park owes its unique landscape to the karst topography, a type of landscape shaped by soluble rocks such as limestone and dolomite.

One of the most impressive features created by this geological process can be found in the lower lakes at Plitvice National Park. Here, visitors can witness travertine barriers formed over thousands of years by the deposition of calcium carbonate from flowing water.

A fun fact about Plitvice’s natural history: scientists have discovered fossilized shells dating back to over 10 million years ago in this region! This finding suggests that the region was once home to marine animals before undergoing tectonic shifts caused it to rise above sea level.

Cultural Significance

The cultural significance of Plitvice Lakes National Park cannot be overstated. It has been home to human settlements for thousands of years, with archaeological evidence dating back to the 11th century.

The traditional architecture and way of life in the nearby villages offer visitors a glimpse into Croatia’s rich cultural heritage. Many local legends are associated with the park, such as tales about fairies inhabiting its waters or bears roaming its dense forests.

Exploring Plitvice Lakes: A First Timer’s Guide

Discover the best walking routes and helpful tips for visiting Plitvice Lakes National Park in this step-by-step guide. Whether you’re a first-timer or seasoned traveler, exploring the jewel-colored lakes and cascading waterfalls of this remote Croatian countryside is an experience not to be missed.

Best Walking Routes

Plitvice Lakes National Park offers visitors some of Croatia’s best walking and hiking trails. Here are some of the best walking routes to explore in the park:

  • Lake Kozjak: This is the largest lake in the park, and it takes around two hours to walk around its entire loop. You’ll get to see not only the lush greenery but also some of the park’s most stunning waterfalls.
  • Lower Lakes: The lower lakes trail is a leisurely 2km stroll that takes about 2-3 hours, starting at Entrance 1 where guests can catch a boat ride to one end.
  • Upper Lakes: For more experienced hikers, consider taking on Upper Lakes Trail which is an about 8-kilometer loop that features awe-inspiring views and dense forest trails.
  • Veliki Slap: A challenging but rewarding route is to hike up to Veliki Slap, Plitvice’s tallest waterfall from Entrance 2. This route passes through ancient forests full of ferns and other exotic flowers before climbing a wooden staircase that leads towards the waterfall.
  • Great Waterfall Trail – this circular route starts at Entrance Two and is approximately six miles long. Along your way, you will have numerous opportunities to photograph all the wonderful cascades (including Great Waterfall), trails offering breathtaking views of surrounding landscapes, interesting geological formations (such as tufa dams) and diverse flora/local fauna such as Lamarck’s violet or brown bears!

With so many options available in Plitvice Lakes National Park, there’s no shortage of walking routes for every level of hiker!

Planning Your Trip To Plitvice Lakes National Park

With its breathtaking beauty, Plitvice Lakes National Park is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Here are some tips to help you plan your trip to this amazing national park in Croatia:

  • Research the best time to visit Plitvice Lakes National Park: The park is open year-round, but peak season is from June through August. Winter visits can also be stunning, but note that some trails and facilities may be closed during this time.
  • Book accommodations in advance: Due to its popularity, it’s best to book accommodations well in ensure availability.
  • Choose the right trail for your fitness level. The park offers several different trails of varying lengths and difficulties. Take into account your fitness level and the amount of time you have available when choosing a trail.
  • Wear comfortable shoes and clothing. You’ll be doing a lot of walking on uneven terrain, so make sure you wear comfortable shoes with good traction. Dress appropriately for the weather, as it can change quickly.
  • Pack snacks and plenty of water: There are restaurants and cafes within the park, but bringing your own snacks and water will save you money and give you more flexibility.
  • Follow the park’s rules: To preserve the natural beauty of Plitvice Lakes National Park, there are rules in place for visitors regarding littering, swimming, fishing, and other activities. Be sure to follow these rules during your visit.
  • Bring a camera: You won’t want to miss photographing the stunning terraced lakes, cascading waterfalls, and lush forests that make up Plitvice Lakes National Park.

By following these tips and doing some research beforehand, you’re sure to have an unforgettable experience at Plitvice Lakes National Park.

Helpful Tips For Visiting Plitvice Lakes

Here are some helpful tips for visiting Plitvice Lakes National Park:

  1. Research and plan your trip in advance – check the park’s website for updates on opening hours, ticket prices, and trail closures.
  2. Wear comfortable hiking shoes and clothes – the park’s terrain can be rough and slippery in some areas, so it’s best to wear sturdy footwear.
  3. Bring plenty of water and snacks – there are several restaurants and cafes throughout the park, but having your own supply of water and snacks will come in handy during long hikes.
  4. Respect nature and follow park rules – do not litter or disturb wildlife, stay on designated paths, and obey all signs and barriers.
  5. Consider hiring a guide – if you want to learn more about the park’s history, geography, flora, and fauna, a guided tour may be worth considering.
  6. Visit outside peak season – avoiding the high season (July-August) will not only save you money but also give you a chance to enjoy the park’s natural beauty without crowds of tourists.
  7. Take your time – Plitvice Lakes National Park is vast and has many trails to explore, so don’t rush through it. Take breaks along the way to admire stunning views or snap some photos.
  8. Be prepared for changing weather conditions – bring a rain jacket or umbrella as rain showers can occur unexpectedly, especially during spring or fall.
  9. Be mindful of your safety when walking on boardwalks over the lakes – wooden walkways can be slippery when wet or icy during winter months; watch your step at all times.
  10. Don’t forget your camera – Plitvice Lakes National Park offers breathtaking views that you’ll want to capture on camera to remember forever!

Lakes And Waterfalls

The Plitvice Lakes National Park is known for its magnificent turquoise lakes and cascading waterfalls that surround them. The park features an interconnected network of 16 different lakes, each with its unique shape and size.

Visitors can explore the park via wooden walkways suspended above the water to get up close and personal with the stunning lakes and tumbling cascades. Some of the most popular spots include Veliki Slap, Croatia’s tallest waterfall, and Mali Prštavac, one of the smallest but picturesque falls in the park.

Admiring these wonders from afar is also possible thanks to various viewpoints erected all over the national park.

The Beauty Of Plitvice Lakes

The Plitvice Lakes are a sight to behold with their terraced lakes and cascading waterfalls creating an awe-inspiring natural wonder.

Terraced Lakes And Cascading Waterfalls

Plitvice Lakes National Park is renowned for its stunning terraced lakes and cascading waterfalls. The 16 interconnected lakes create an awe-inspiring display of colors that range from emerald green to turquoise blue, depending on the angle and intensity of sunlight.

As the lakes flow into one another, they form a series of cascades and waterfalls that tumble down through the forested area. Wooden walkways crisscross over some of these cascading waters, allowing visitors to experience the power and beauty up close.

The terraced lakes are one of Mother Nature’s most spectacular creations with their distinct natural barriers made from mineral deposits created over thousands of years.

What makes them even more special is their continuous changes in appearance due to seasonal variations in light conditions and weather patterns. Visitors marvel at how crystal clear blue-green waters gush down cliffsides into pools below, creating a mesmerizing effect as each successive waterfall flows seamlessly into the next lake, forming natural steps between levels.

Boardwalks And Suspended Bridges Over Turquoise Water

Boardwalks and suspended bridges over turquoise water are among the highlights of a visit to Plitvice Lakes National Park. The wooden walkways allow visitors to get up close to the stunning lakes and waterfalls without damaging the fragile ecosystem.

These boardwalks and bridges not only provide easy access for visitors but also help protect the natural beauty of Plitvice Lakes by keeping people on designated paths.

They weave through some of Croatia’s most beautiful landscapes, such as Veliki Slap (the Great Waterfall), which is 78 meters high and one of the highest falls in Croatia.

Endangered Species

The Plitvice Lakes National Park is not only home to stunning natural beauty but also houses a vast range of endangered species. The park provides shelter and protection to many animals, including the brown bear, gray wolf, and lynx.

Additionally, several rare bird species such as the golden eagle and white-backed woodpecker can be seen here. With over 1260 plant species growing in this region, which includes various medicinal plants; the park has become an essential conservation area for biodiversity in Croatia.

Activities And Attractions In Plitvice Lakes National Park

Visitors to Plitvice Lakes National Park can enjoy a range of activities, including hiking and walking trails, boating and kayaking on the lakes, wildlife watching, and admiring famous landmarks such as the Great Waterfall.

Hiking And Walking Trails

Hiking and walking trails are a great way to explore the stunning Plitvice Lakes National Park. The park offers over 70 kilometers of marked hiking trails, ranging from easy to difficult, with varying route lengths.

Some popular hiking and walking trails in the park include:

  • A2: This trail is around 4.6 kilometers and takes about two hours to complete. It starts at Entrance 2 and leads you through some of the park’s most beautiful areas, including the upper lakes and waterfalls.
  • B1: This trail is approximately six kilometers long and takes around three hours to complete. It also begins at Entrance 2 but takes you on a different route through the lower lakes and cascades.
  • H: The H trail is one of the more challenging hikes in Plitvice Lakes National Park, totaling around eight kilometers with steep climbs and rough terrain. The trail passes through both the upper and lower lakes, providing spectacular panoramic views along the way.
  • K: For those looking for a longer hike, the K trail is an excellent option. At nearly 20 kilometers in length, this trail can take up to eight hours to complete. It will take you on a journey throughout the entire park, allowing you to see every lake and waterfall that Plitvice has to offer.

Overall, hiking or walking in Plitvice Lakes National Park is an unforgettable experience that allows visitors to fully immerse themselves in Croatia’s natural wonders while enjoying physical activity. With so many options available for all skill levels, there’s no excuse not to hit the trails during your visit!

Boating And Kayaking

Another great way to experience the beauty of Plitvice Lakes National Park is by boat or kayak. Visitors can rent a rowboat or take a guided tour that explores the beautiful waters around the lakes and waterfalls.

Boating and kayaking in Plitvice Lakes National Park provides an unforgettable perspective, allowing visitors to see some of the park’s hidden spots that often cannot be accessed by foot.

It’s not uncommon for kayakers and boaters alike to encounter wildlife such as otters, which are native to the area.

Wildlife Watching

Plitvice Lakes National Park is not just a paradise for hikers and nature enthusiasts, but also for wildlife lovers. With its dense forests, clear waters, and diverse habitats, the park supports a rich variety of animal species that can be spotted throughout the year.

Among the animals that call Plitvice their home are brown bears, lynx, wolves, otters, deer and various bird species such as owls and eagles.

One particular animal that visitors come from far and wide to see is the European brown bear (Ursus arctos). The park has one of Croatia’s largest populations of these majestic creatures living within its borders.

Other mammals commonly found include red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), wild boars (Sus scrofa) among others. For birdwatchers looking at catching sight of some rare birds they may want to look out for golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos), white-tailed eagles(Haliaeetus albicilla), peregrine falcons(Falco peregrinus) or common kingfishers(Alcedo atthis).

Famous Landmarks

Plitvice Lakes National Park is home to several famous landmarks that draw visitors from around the world. One such landmark is Big Waterfall, the tallest waterfall in Croatia, standing at 78 meters high.

Another must-see attraction within the park is Veliki Slap or Great Waterfall, a stunning cascade of water that plunges into a pool below surrounded by lush greenery.

Visitors can also explore the underground cave system known as Supljara Cave and admire its stalactites and stalagmites. Finally, visitors should not miss Galovac Lake, which is famous for its crystal-clear turquoise waters and picturesque scenery.

Winter Wonderland: Plitvice Lakes National Park In Winter

During winter, Plitvice Lakes National Park transforms into a magical wonderland, complete with snowy landscapes and frozen waterfalls.

Two Secret Spots In Plitvice National Park

If you’re looking for a more unique experience at Plitvice Lakes National Park, be sure to check out these two secret spots:

  1. The Cave of the Wind – Located near the entrance of the park, this cave is an underground wonderland with crystal clear waters and stunning rock formations. You can take a boat ride through the cave or explore on foot.
  2. Kozjak Lake – This lake is one of the larger lakes in the park but it’s often overlooked by visitors. Take a boat ride across Kozjak Lake and enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and lush forests. Keep an eye out for rare bird species like kingfishers and eagles that call this area home.

With these secret spots, you’ll be able to experience Plitvice Lakes National Park like never before. Don’t forget to bring your camera!

Upper Lakes Closing During Winter Months

During the winter months, visitors to Plitvice Lakes National Park can expect some changes in access to the park’s Upper Lakes. Due to weather conditions and safety concerns, the upper lakes are closed from November through April.

While it may be disappointing for some visitors that the Upper Lakes are closed during winter visits, there is a silver lining. The absence of crowds allows for a more tranquil experience in nature without being overwhelmed by tourists.


In conclusion, the story of Plitvice Lakes National Park is a fascinating one with a rich history and legendary tales. This remote countryside in Croatia boasts spectacular views of terraced lakes and cascading waterfalls that change color by the second.

The boardwalks and wooden walkways offer visitors an easy way to explore this natural wonder without harming its fragile biodiversity. From hiking, walking trails, boating, kayaking to wildlife watching, there’s something for everyone in this national park.

Whether you plan your visit during summer or winter months, Plitvice Lakes will leave you spellbound with its lush landscape and jewel-colored lakes that seem almost surreal.